Overview: The American Psychological Association Style Guide 6th Edition, or APA, is an author-date system commonly used across Psychology, Nursing, Education, Arts, Sciences, and other subjects. Any time you use an idea or quote from another source, acknowledge that passage with the authors' names and the year the source was published. The main components of APA referencing style are in-text and reference list (end-text) citations. Please see the in-text citations section of this guide for more detailed instructions, and the sample reference list.
In-text (paraphrase): referring to another's work while summarising their ideas in your own words.
In-text reference (paraphrase) example:
Maintaining research standards are important in preventing plagiarism (Dawe & Quilty, 2014).
In-text (quote): Directly quoting others' words in your work.
In-text reference (quote) example:
"Paraphrasing is a mixture of art and science" (Dawe & Quilty, 2014, p. 223)
Reference List entry: a long form reference in an alphabetical reference list at the end of the paper. Contains enough information for the reader to track down the original source.
Reference list entry example:
Dawe, L., & Quilty, M. (2014). Why research matters at university. Librarian Studies Journal, 12(2), 221-301. doi: 10.34389035490/mn09343
This is a compact but comprehensive guide to writing clearly and effectively in APA style. Demonstrates how to write objective scientific research papers using interesting prose Incorporates guidelines from the 6th edition of the APA publication manual Explores how to develop ideas, connect them to what others have written, and express them clearly Discusses the differences between written, oral, and poster presentations and offers instructions for applying APA style to each