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Referencing

Website Reference Main Elements

New to this Guide? Key Questions:

How do I include organisations as authors?

What kind of locator information (URL) should I use?

How do I reference different types of web materials such as...
• Social media
• Powerpoint presentations
• PDF documents
• Government reports


Click on the links below to learn more about:

Author(s) | Date | Title of Document | Format Type | URL

Author(s)

Multiple authors: Author rules for web resources are the same as for books and journals. 

Groups as authors: If a company, institution, government body, religious organisation or other type of organisation is the author, use the organisation’s name as the author. If the organisation’s name is commonly abbreviated, use the full name in the first reference together with the abbreviation. In subsequent references, only the abbreviated form should be used.

Screen names: If a screen name (alias) is used instead of a formal name, use the screen name provided (e.g. WanderingPsych82).

No author: If there is no author listed, put the title of the document in place of the author (note: always question the validity of web resources that have no author).

Date

If content is published regularly (for example,social media posts) provide the full date. If not, provide the year only. If there is no date, include the abbreviation (n.d.).

Title of Document

Titles of web resources should be in sentence case (only the first word of the title and the first word of any subtitle capitalised) and should not be in italics.

Format Type

Describe the format type in square brackets for certain formats, according to the examples listed above, e.g. [Tweet], [Blog post]

URL

Include a retrieval statement and the full URL of the web resource.