The following list contains examples of references formatted for multimedia.
The Chicago Manual of Style chapter numbers are included so that more information can be located easily in either the print or online manual. Use the numbers as a reference for the relevant sections in the print volume, or link straight through to the Chicago Manual of Style Online from this guide.
References for mulitimedia usually include some or all of the following pieces of information:
Recordings consulted online should include a URL or DOI . Supplementary information, such as the number of discs in an album and the duration of the recording, as applicable, may also be given.
Authors known only by their given name (and not by any surname) are listed by that name. E.g. Augustine, Plato, Elizabeth I.
In a footnote, the author’s name is given in the normal order (first name first). In the short form of the citation, only the last name is given.
In a bibliography, where names are arranged alphabetically, the first (or only) author's name is inverted (last name first); other authors remain in normal order.
In a footnote (full and short forms), cite only the name of the first-listed author, followed by et al.
In a bibliography, with four or more authors, list all the authors. Word order and punctuation are the same as for the bibliography rule for two or three authors.
Should be in Headline case and in italics or quotation marks, as applicable.
The copyright date or date of production or performance should be used, or the date the material was last modified or updated.
If no date can be determined from the source, include the date the material was last accessed.
DOIs are preferred to URLs. In a citation, it should be written doi:10.1086/ahr.133.3.752
There is no space after the colon, and no http://