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Notre Dame 5 Star University
University Library




APA Referencing 6th Edition

Changes to APA Referencing Style

From Semester 2, 2020, all Notre Dame staff and students will be required to adopt
the APA 7th edition publication and referencing style for coursework.*

The new APA 7th referencing guide can be found here.

*The APA 6th referencing guide will remain available online until 18 December 2020 for postgraduates and researchers. 
Please remember to update saved links and bookmarks.

What is the APA referencing style?

The American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style is commonly used at university to acknowledge the original sources used in the research and writing process. Any time you use an idea or quote from another source, acknowledge that section of text with the authors' names and the year the source was published. The main components of APA referencing style are in-text and reference list (end-text) citations, and are outlined in the video below. Please see the in-text citations section of this guide for more detailed instructions, and the sample reference list below.

Note for postgraduates, researchers, and academic staff: This guide has been adapted from the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition. Some local interpretations have been created in order to suit the needs of undergraduates undertaking coursework that is not for publication. If you are a postgraduate student, a researcher, or plan to publish your material, the Library recommends consulting the original Publication Manual for more detailed instructions, particularly if reproducing copywrited works.


Tools, guides, and classes

The University Library provides students with free access to EndNote and RefWorks software. Both have the same purpose: to make the management and formatting of references more streamlined. It is worth looking at both tools to determine which one could be right for you, depending on how you like to work. The Library recommends that undergraduate and coursework students use RefWorks, and higher degree by research students and academic staff use EndNote.

  • RefWorks is a fully cloud-based tool, meaning that there is no requirement to install or upgrade the software and users have access to the full features of the software online.
  • EndNote requires installation on one of your devices in order for you to access the full features of the software.

Read more about the difference between EndNote and RefWorks.