Online: If a thesis has been retrieved from a database (usually an institutional repository), indicate the database and give any accession or order number in parentheses at the end of the reference. The name and location of the institution is not included.
Theses & dissertations (from database): in-text and reference list examples
(Hackett, 2006) OR Hackett (2006)
Hackett, C. B. (2006). A longitudinal study of the personal and professional responses of recently assigned secondary religious education teachers to curriculum demands (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ResearchOnline@ND database.
Print: Treat a printed dissertation or thesis as a book. A reference to an unpublished printed dissertation or thesis should include: Author, A. A. (Year). Title: Subtitle(type of thesis or dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.
Theses & dissertations (print): in-text and reference list examples
(Chivers, 2010) OR Chivers (2010)
Chivers, P. (2010). Individual, behavioural and environmental pathways to adolescent obesity, (Doctoral dissertation). University of Notre Dame Australia, Fremantle, WA.
Pamphlets and Brochures
For pamphlets/brochures, provide as much information as needed for the reader to locate the original source of the material. Elements should include (if available): Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of pamphlet [Pamphlet].Location: Publisher.
Legislation: Include the "short title" of the Act (as specified in Section 1 of the Act), and the relevant jurisdictional notation. See AGLC Legislation and Quasi-Legislative Materials (Hansard, Bills etc.) . Cases: For more information on Case citation elements, see AGLC Cases.
Legislation (Acts): in-text and reference list examples
In-text (Mental Health Act 1996)OR Mental Health Act 1996
Mental Health Act 1996 (WA).
Cases: in-text and reference list examples
(Malouf v AME Properties ) ORMalouf v AME Properties 
Malouf v AME Properties Pty Ltd  FCA 1616.
Papers at conferences, symposia, meetings and seminars may be published in different formats and the reference should follow the style for the format used.
Give the month of the conference as well as the year.
If the proceedings are published as a separate book, use the style for a chapter in a book. If the proceedings are published annually as a journal, use the style for periodical articles (this can usually be recognised by the use of a volume number for each annual issue).
If the paper has not been published (e.g. a handout collected at the conference), treat it as an unpublished work giving the name and location of the conference in a description at the end of the reference.
Conference proceedings (online): in-text and reference list examples
(Patterson, 2005) OR Patterson (2005)
Patterson, S. (2005, March). Multiple partners for mental health. Proceedings of the 8th National Rural Health Conference. Retrieved from http://ruralhealth.org.au/8thNRHC/Program.htm
Conference paper presentation (unpublished): in-text and reference list examples
(Zwolinski, 2009) OR Zwolinski (2009)
Zwolinski, M. (2009, September). Effects of study habits on scholastic achievement. Paper presented at the Third Semi-annual Meeting of the Anderson Society for Educational Measurement, San Diego, CA
The ERIC database includes both journal articles and documents. Journal articles from ERIC are referenced in the same way as other journal articles (see above).
An ERIC document should be cited in the same format as an electronic book. However, the ERIC database and ED number should be quoted.
ERIC document: in-text and reference list examples
(Brualdi, 1996) OR Brualdi (1996)
Brualdi, A. C.(1996). Multiple intelligences: Gardner’s theory. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED410226)
BMJ Best Practice: The date in brackets is the date that the page was last updated.
BMJ Best Practice: in-text and reference list examples
(Kreindler & Goldfarb, 2010) OR Kriendler and Goldfarb (2010)
Kreindler J. L., & Goldfarb, S. B. (2010, December 9). Cystic fibrosis. In BMJ best practice. Retrieved from http://bestpractice.bmj.com
Cochrane Systematic Reviews: Articles may be published in database form, but they function like an online journal: Numbered issues are published 12 times a year, and each article has its own DOI.
Cochrane Systematic Reviews: in-text and reference list examples
(Singh, Kour, & Jayaram Mahesh 2012) OR Singh, Kour, and Jayaram Mahesh (2012)
Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterae inhibitors for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(1), 1–101. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007967.pub2
eTG (online database): in-text and reference list examples
("Severe sepsis and shock", 2014) OR "Severe sepsis and shock" (2014)
Severe sepsis and shock. (2014). In eTG Complete. Retrieved from http://online.tg.org.au
JBI Connect: All JBI publications are cited in a conventional manner with originating authors. The only exception is the “Best Practice" series that is cited as being authored by The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Use the URL http://connect.jbiconnectplus.org for all retrieval statements.
JBI Connect (Joanna Briggs Institute): in-text and reference list examples
(Kavanagh, 2013) OR Kavanagh (2013)
Kavanagh, S. (2013). Care of the patient with severe facial burns- topical ointment/cream. The Joanna Briggs Institute, JBI2527. Retrieved from http://connect.jbiconnectplus.org/
JBI "Best Practice" series: in-text and reference list examples
(Joanna Briggs Institute, 2007) OR Joanna Briggs Institute (2007)
Joanna Briggs Institute. (2007). Topical skin care in aged care facilities. Best practice: Evidence based information sheets for health professionals,11(3):1-4. Retrieved from http://connect.jbiconnectplus.org
UptoDate: Cite the UpToDate topic as a chapter in a book titled UpToDate, edited by T.W. Post, published by UpToDate in Waltham, MA. There are no page numbers to cite. The publication year for any topic should be the current year.
UptoDate: in-text and reference list examples
(Fanta, 2013) OR Fanta (2013)
Fanta, C. H. (2013). An overview of asthma management. In T. W. Post (Ed.), UptoDate. Waltham, MA: UptoDate.
MIMS (Monthly Index of Medical Specialties) drug information.
MIMS (print journal): in-text and reference list examples
(MIMS, 2003) ORMIMS (2003)
Paradex. (2003). MIMS, 41(4), 128.
MIMS (print annual): in-text and reference list examples
(MIMS, 2004) ORMIMS (2004)
MIMS Australia (2004). June 2004 MIMS Annual. St Leonards, NSW: Medi Media.
MIMS (online database): in-text and reference lists examples
("Panadol", 2011) OR "Panadol" (2011)
Panadol. (2011). In MIMS Online. Retrieved from http://www.mimsonline.com.au
DSM-V: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.
DSM-V: in-text and reference lists examples
First in-text citation
(American Psychological Association [APA], 2013) OR American Psychological Association (APA, 2013)
Subsequent in-text citations
(APA, 2013) OR APA (2013)
American Psychological Association. (2013). Personality disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). http://dsm.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm18
AMH: Australian Medicines Handbook
AMH: in-text and reference lists examples
(“Paracetamol”, 2015) OR “Paracetamol” (2015)
Paracetamol. (2015). In AMH: Australian medicines handbook. Retrieved from http://www.amhonline.net.au
Use secondary sources sparingly (for example, if a book is out of print or unavailable). Always try to locate the original source first.
Secondary source: in-text and reference list examples
(Nickerson as cited in Brown, Sokal, & Friedman, 2014) OR Nickerson (as cited in Brown, Sokal, & Friedman, 2014)
Brown, N. J. L., Sokal, A. D., & Friedman, H. L. (2014). Positive psychology and romantic scientism. The American Psychologist, 69(6), 636-637. doi:10.1037/a003739
University Course Readings Book/Workbook
University course readers can include lab manuals, workbooks, and collections of articles. Check to see if the course reader is written entirely by the same author(s) or if it is a collection of articles by different authors, edited by someone else. See below for examples.
University course readings book: referencing an article in an edited collection
(Brackenreg, 1999) OR Brackenreg (1999)
Brackenreg, M. (1999). Learning from our mistakes - before it is too late. In University of Notre Dame Australia, School of Health Sciences (Ed.), HPPE3205: Outdoor education course reader (pp. 46–54). Fremantle, WA: University of Notre Dame Australia.
University course readings book: referencing entire publication
Patman (2017) OR (Patman, 2017)
Patman, S. (2017). PHTY202: Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy sciences 1: Practical sessions workbook. Fremantle, WA: University of Notre Dame Australia.
Statistics are present in a variety of documents, so consider the mode of the document (i.e. website, pdf document, book) and follow the applicable style rules. Here are some examples on citing other commonly found sources of statistics including data sets and Australian Bureau of Statistics documents.
Australian Bureau of Statistics document
First in-text citation
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS, 2016) OR (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2016)
Subsequent in-text citation
(ABS, 2016) OR ABS (2016)
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Marriages and divorces, Australia, 2016 (Cat. No. 3310.0). Retrieved from
Data set - with DOI
Grigg (2006) OR (Grigg, 2006)
Grigg, G.C. (2006). Red kangaroo counts [Data set]. doi:10.14264/uql.2014.1
Data set - without DOI
Australian Health Policy Collaboration (2017) OR (Australian Health Policy Collaboration, 2017)
Australian Health Policy Collaboration (2017). Australia's Health Tracker Atlas: Data by Population Health Area (PHA)[Data set]. Retrieved from http://www.atlasesaustralia.com.au/ahpc/data.html
Government report - online
First In-text Citation
(Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2010) OR Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW, 2010)
Subsequest In-text Citations
(AIHW, 2010) OR AIHW (2010)
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2010). 2010 pandemic vaccination survey: Summary results (Cat. No. PHE 128). Retrieved from http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/11374