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Interviews & Personal Communications

Follow the links below to relevant Chicago Manual of Style chapters for examples and explanatory notes on citing a variety of personal communications, including letters, interviews and emails.  Note, bibliography entries are not required for unpublished material such as original letters and emails.

Letters in published collections 14.111

Collections of (original) letters 14.228

Published or broadcast interviews 14.213

Unpublished interviews 14.211

Unpublished interview with a person who wishes to remain anonymous 14.212

Personal communications 14.214