First, it is important to distinguish between research impact and publication metrics.
Measuring and showing evidence of the impact of academic research is becoming an everyday event in institutions across Australia and the world.
Types of research impact include:
The Australian Research Council defined impact in its Engagement and Impact Assessment (EI) presentation in 2018 :
Research impact is the contribution that research makes to the economy, society, environment or culture, beyond the contribution to academic research.
(Australian Research Council, 2018, Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) and Engagement and Impact (EI) 2018 Outcomes, https://online.flippingbook.com/view/233965/20/)
Examples of research impact include:
(Research Excellence Framework (2014). Panel criteria and working methods. https://ref.ac.uk/2014/media/ref/content/pub/panelcriteriaandworkingmethods/01_12.pdf)
What are publication or citation-based metrics?
Publication or citation-based metrics are often described in terms of what can be counted, quantitative methods such as journal impact factors, individual researchers rankings such as their h-index and the citation counts are often referred to as bibliometrics.
Bibliometrics are based on research outputs; a researcher must have published several publications to be able to measure the possible influence of that research. Research students are encouraged to use bibliometrics to find and evaluate quality literature and consider possible collaborators for the future.
Other ways of determining value can include qualitative measures such as peer review, letters of recommendation, institutional affiliation, successfully acquitted research grants, book reviews, conference publications, holdings in library catalogues and recommended readings for courses.