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Academic Integrity

Referencing in your assignment

As you work on your assignment, you will need to record and keep the details of each source as you use it. Depending on the source you are referencing, this may include details such as author, title, publication date, publisher, place of publication, journal title, volume, issue, page numbers, date viewed or accessed, URL, DOI, database etc.

Please see below for a quick overview of the three referencing styles used at The University of Notre Dame Australia. You can find more information in the Referencing Guide via the University Library website.

In-text citations:

The Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC) is a footnoting system used by the School of Law. Footnote styles use numbers in the text at the point where a reference is needed, and these numbers link to citation details in a footnote at the bottom of the page. AGLC uses superscript numbers in-text, eg: this is a superscript number¹


End-text references:

Publication details for each source are put in a list of references at the end of the assignment. This allows the reader to trace and check your sources. In AGLC the list of references at the end of your paper is called a Bibliography. Bibliographies require you to list all the works you have consulted during the writing of your essay - whether you have referred to them in your essay or not.

Please see the full AGLC Referencing Guide for more information.

In-text citations:

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is an author-date system used by most Schools at Notre Dame. In-text citations in this type of system consist mainly of the authors' surnames and the year (and page numbers if appropriate).  If there is no author, the title and date are used.


End-text references:

Publication details for each source are put in a list of references at the end of the assignment. This allows the reader to trace and check your sources. APA requires you to list only the references you have cited in the text of your essay. The heading for this list is References.

Please see the full APA Referencing Guide for more information.

In-text citations:

Chicago Notes & Bibliography (Chicago) is a footnoting system used by the School of Philosophy &Theology and in some disciplines in the School of Arts & Sciences. Footnote styles use numbers in the text at the point where a reference is needed, and these numbers link to citation details in a footnote at the bottom of the page. Chicago uses superscript numbers in-text, eg: this is a superscript number¹


End-text references:

Publication details for each source are put in a list of references at the end of the assignment. This allows the reader to trace and check your sources. In Chicago Notes & Bibliography the list of references at the end of your paper is called a Bibliography. Bibliographies require you to list all the works you have consulted during the writing of your essay - whether you have referred to them in your essay or not.

Please see the full Chicago Referencing Guide for more information.