From Semester 2, 2020, all Notre Dame staff and students will be required to adopt
the APA 7th edition publication and referencing style.*
*The APA 6th referencing guide will remain available here until December 2020 for postgraduates and researchers.
Please remember to update saved links and bookmarks.
The American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style is commonly used at university to acknowledge the original sources used in the research and writing process. Any time you use an idea or quote from another source, acknowledge that section of text with the authors' name(s) and the year the source was published. The main components of APA referencing style are in-text and reference list (end-text) citations. Please see the In-text Citations section of this guide for more detailed instructions; click on the side bar for guidance on referencing different types of materials, and the APA Sample Reference List below. The Printable Quick Reference Guide will also give you an overview of the new style.
The University Library provides students with free access to EndNote and RefWorks software. Both have the same purpose: to make the management and formatting of references more streamlined. It is worth looking at both tools to determine which one could be right for you, depending on how you like to work. The Library recommends that undergraduate and coursework students use RefWorks, and higher degree by research students and academic staff use EndNote.