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APA Referencing 7th Edition

What is the APA referencing style?

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The American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style is commonly used at university to acknowledge the original sources used in the research and writing process. Any time you use an idea or quote from another source, acknowledge that section of text with the authors' name(s) and the year the source was published. The main components of APA referencing style are in-text and reference list end-text) citations. Please see the In-text Citations section of this guide for more detailed instructions; click on the side bar for guidance on referencing different types of materials, and the APA Sample Reference List below. The Printable Quick Reference Guide will also give you an overview of the new style.


Note for postgraduates, researchers, and academic staff: This guide has been adapted from the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition. Some local interpretations have been created in order to suit the needs of undergraduates undertaking coursework. If you are a postgraduate student, a researcher, or plan to publish your material, the Library recommends consulting the original APA Publication Manual for more detailed instructions, particularly if reproducing copyrighted works.


Understanding and avoiding plagiarism

What “counts” as plagiarism? What is “self-plagiarism”? APA Style helps you understand and avoid both. Check out the Avoiding Plagiarism Guide and the Plagiarism topic page below to make sure you appropriately credit your sources.

Tutorials, tools, guides, and classes

The University Library provides students with free access to EndNote and RefWorks software. Both have the same purpose: to make the management and formatting of references more streamlined. It is worth looking at both tools to determine which one could be right for you, depending on how you like to work. The Library recommends that undergraduate and coursework students use RefWorks, and higher degree by research students and academic staff use EndNote.

  • RefWorks is a fully cloud-based tool, meaning that there is no requirement to install or upgrade the software and users have access to the full features of the software online.
  • EndNote requires installation on one of your devices in order for you to access the full features of the software. APA 7th is available as a default style in EndNote X9.3.3 onwards. For other versions of EndNote, please see our EndNote Guide - Installation to see how to download APA 7th.

Read more about the difference between EndNote and RefWorks.