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Output Styles

"Output Style" is the term EndNote uses to refer to the template file used to format the citations and bibliography correctly for your citation or referencing style. EndNote includes over 3,000 automatically-created output styles (APA, Chicago, etc), but additional ones can be created, modified or downloaded.

Select an Output Style

To choose your Output Style in EndNote:

  1. In the EndNote toolbar at the top of the window, see the Bibliographic Output Style selection pane.
  2. The style that is presently selected can be changed by clicking the dropdown arrow.
  3. If the list does not include your preferred style, click Select Another Style to browse the EndNote Choose A Style list. Should an individual output style you wish to use not appear in EndNote's default selection of styles, you may want to check whether it is available for download from EndNote's Style Finder or other source. See the Installing Individual Styles page for more information.

X9 Select output style

Notes on APA and EndNote

EndNote can handle most of the requirements of the APA style, but EndNote does not include the full spectrum of reference types that are described in the APA manual.  If you are citing a reference type that is not included in EndNote, you should consult the APA manual.  You may need to add or modify your own reference types, if so you can follow the instructions in the help file under "Adding and Deleting Reference Types."

The Report reference type is designed to work with reports downloaded from the Internet.  Print reports require a different format.

For Podcasts, the APA format requests that the Producer field be listed first in lieu of the "author" field.  To make sure that the producer is formatted correctly the user will need to enter a name as:

Van Nuys,, D. J. (note the two commas)

For transcribed interviews, APA requires the full name of the interviewer in a first name, then last name format.  To ensure that the name formats correctly, enter it as shown below:

Daniel J. Van Nuys, (note the comma at the end)

For anonymous government documents, enter the governmental agency as the author.


Chicago 17th edition

Chicago 17th Footnote is installed as a default style in X9, but if you are using an older version of EndNote, you will have to download the style from the EndNote Style Finder.