Educational institutions that are covered by a remuneration notice with the Copyright Agency are permitted to copy and communicate text, images and notated music subject to certain conditions.
These images can be communicated for teaching purposes in presentations for lectures and uploaded to the Learning Management System (Blackboard), as well as be used for research or study by current staff and students. The amount you can copy from these works isn’t specified in the Copyright Act, but Fair Dealing applies to these and other types of works such as diagrams, artworks, films, TV programs and CDs.
However, you must provide the relevant attribution next to the photograph, or close by (eg on the edge or bottom of the page) if that is too obtrusive.
For more information on the requirements, please see the following:
|Retrieved from Britannica Image Quest
(Using standard referencing)
|Retrieved from Flickr
(Using Creative Commons Attribution)
|Fremantle Street. [Photograph]. Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest.
The Copyright Act contains provisions (sections 103A and 103C) which allow you to copy a small amount of an audio-visual item, including sound recordings and film/video clips, for the purpose of research and study or criticism or review.
You must provide sufficient acknowledgement of the material copied by referring to the title, author, etc. where applicable.
For more information please see the following Australian Copyright Council Information sheets:
Schools and universities have negotiated blanket licence agreements with the music industry collecting societies which permit them to copy sound recordings for use in class and to play at events run by the school or university. They can also make recordings of events that might contain music.
Universities Australia has signed an agreement with APRA-AMCOS, ARIA and PPCA that allows music to be recorded and used in a number of ways. This is known as the ʻUniversities Licenceʼ. Under the Universities Licence, staff and students at eligible universities can:
All recordings made under the Licence must contain a special notice indicating that the recording has been made under the terms of the Licence and there are limitations on the distribution and sale of the recordings. In addition, some types and uses of music are excluded from the Licence. For example, the Licence does not permit copying recordings for use in, or making recordings of a performance of a grand right work (such as an opera or musical).
For more information please see the following:
The terms of the licence agreement do not include the right to: