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APA Referencing

Main elements - webpage

Example of APA citation of a website

Webpages and online documents

Webpage - corporate author

In-text

(Red Cross, 2014) OR Red Cross (2014)

Reference list

Red Cross. (2014). Ways of working. Retrieved from http://www.redcross.org.au/ways-of-working.aspx

Titles of "standalone" documents (e.g. PDF, Word, PowerPoint, or other document formats ) on a website are italicised. Standalone documents in this context are resources that do not fall into standard categories, including reports, presentations, white papers and other grey literature.

PDF (or standalone document) found on website

In-text

(Save the Children UK, 2007) OR Save the Children UK (2007)

Reference list

Save the Children UK. (2007). Legacy of disasters: The impact of climate change on children. Retrieved from http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/sites/default/files/docs/legacy-of-disasters_1.pdf

PowerPoint slides - online

In-text

(Casey, 2014) OR Casey (2014)

Reference list

Casey, A. (2014). Developing a pedagogy of technology in physical education [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/DrAshCasey/developing-a-pedagogy-of-technology-in-physical-education

Government document found on website

In-text

(Department of Education, 2017) OR Department of Education (2017)

Reference list

Department of Education. (2017). Final report 2016-17. Retrieved from https://www.education.wa.edu.au/documents/32706620/0/Annual+Report+2016-17+-+Final+-+With+addendum+changes.pdf

Look at the report carefully to determine the author. Reports are often written by organisations or corporate authors.

Report - online

Bankwest. (2018). Bankwest future of business: Focus on childcare 2018. Retrieved from https://www.bankwest.com.au/content/dam/bankwest/documents/business/insights/focus-on-childcare-2018.pdf

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Social media

Blog post

In-text

(Burgess, 2014) OR Burgess (2014)

Reference list

Burgess, M. (2014, August 9). Inverting the gaze: Pagan political philosophy [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.partiallyexaminedlife.com/2014/08/09/inverting-the-gaze-pagan-political-philosophy/

Blog comment

In-text

(Schroeder, 2014) OR Schroeder (2014)

Reference list

Schroeder, W. (2014, August 9). Re: Inverting the gaze: Pagan political philosophy [Blog comment]. Retrieved from http://www.partiallyexaminedlife.com/2014/08/09/inverting-the-gaze-pagan-political-philosophy/

Authors: If the post's author is an individual, provide the name in the usual format (last name followed by initials). If the post was written by an organisation, use the organisation's name.
Titles: Provide an abbreviated version of the post to serve as the title for the reference.
Dates: Provide the full date in the reference list (year, month, day). Provide the only the year in the in-text citation.

Facebook status update

In-text

(Headspace Fremantle, 2018) OR Headspace Fremantle (2018)

Reference list

Headspace Fremantle (2018, December 12). This time of year can be hard for people experiencing an eating disorder or body image issues [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/freoheadspace/photos/a.365265686841738/2205442296157392

Authors: If the post's author is an individual, provide the name in the usual format (last name followed by initials). If the post was written by an organisation, use the organisation's name. The user's real name, if known, is provided, followed by the screen name in brackets. If only the screen name is known, provide the screen name without brackets.
Titles: Provide an abbreviated version of the post to serve as the title for the reference.
Dates: If content is published regularly (for example, social media posts) provide the full date. If not, provide the year only.

Tweet (Twitter)

In-text

(De Botton, 2014) OR De Botton (2014)

Reference list

De Botton, A. [alaindebotton]. (2014, September 18). For paranoia about 'what other people think': remember that only some hate [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/alaindebotton/status/512549387596476416

YouTube video

In-text

TED (2012) OR (TED, 2012)

Reference list

TED. (2012, December 11). Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNV4yIyXXX0

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Missing information

No author: If there is no author listed, put the title of the document in place of the author (note: always question the validity of web resources that have no author). Use the first few words of the title for the in-text citation, enclosed in quote marks, and the year.
Screen names: If a screen name (alias) is used instead of a formal name, use the screen name provided (e.g. WanderingPsych82).

Webpage - no author

In-text

("Workshop", 2004) OR "Workshop" (2004)

Reference list

Workshop: Tapping into multiple intelligences. (2004). Retrieved from http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/index.html

No date: If there is no date, include the abbreviation (n.d.). If content is published regularly (for example, social media posts) provide the full date. If not, provide the year only.

Webpage - no date

In-text

(Drug Aware, n.d.) OR Drug Aware (n.d.)

Reference list

Drug Aware. (n.d.). Ecstasy. Retrieved from http://www1.drugaware.com.au/Drug Information/Ecstasy.aspx

Using a direct quote from a site with no page numbers: If no page numbers are present, you can use paragraph numbers (counted by you), the name of the heading or sub-heading (e.g. "Conclusion"), or a combination of both to identify the place in the article. Enclose the name of the heading in quote marks. Leave the page numbers out of the reference list entry.

 

In-text (direct quote)

The Electronic Freedom Foundation maintains that "your rights go with you when you go online" (Cohn, 2018, para. 1).

Reference list

Cohn, C. (2018, December 21). 2018 in review [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/2018-review

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