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APA Referencing


Interviews and personal communications such as emails, texts, informal conversations, etc. are generally unpublished and not retrievable. They are not included in your final reference list, however, you may still refer to an interview or a conversation in your text.



Librarians at the University of Notre Dame Australia regularly review and update the Referencing Guides to ensure students receive accurate guidance (M. Quilty, personal communication, September 24, 2014).


In an email dated September 24, 2014, Ms Quilty provided a list of University of Notre Dame Australia Library workshop offerings planned for next year.