From Semester 2, 2020, all Notre Dame staff and students will be required to adopt
the APA 7th edition publication and referencing style for coursework.*
The new APA 7th referencing guide can be found here.
*The APA 6th referencing guide will remain available online until 18 December 2020 for postgraduates and researchers.
Please remember to update saved links and bookmarks.
The Bible (King James Version) is the record of...
Bible - direct quote
"And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it" (John 1:5 King James Version).
Bible - paraphrase
Even those who do not study the Bible are likely to know John 3:16, wherein God sacrifices His Son to save the world from itself.
Bible commentary with unidentified authors
(The Psalms, 2003) OR The Psalms (2003)
The Navarre Bible: The Psalms. (2003). Dublin, Ireland: Four Courts Press.
Bible commentary with two authors
In their exegesis of Mark's Gospel 3:7 to 8:22, Donahue and Harrington (2002) observe "we learn more about Jesus as a teacher and healer" (p. 23). OR (Donahue & Harrington, 2002, p. 23)
Donahue, J. R., & Harrington, D. J. (2002). Sacra Pagina: Vol. 2. The Gospel of Mark. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
Single volume Bible commentary with multiple authors (treat as chapter in an edited work)
(Brown & Collins, 1991) OR Brown and Collins (1991)
Brown, R. E., & Collins, T. A. (1991). Church pronouncements. In R. Brown, J. Fitzmyer, & R. Murphy (Eds.), The new Jerome Biblical commentary (pp. 1166-1174). London, United Kingdom: Geoffrey Chapman.
Qur'an - direct quote
"Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury" (Qur'an 2:263).
Qur'an - paraphrase
The Qur'an 2:263 promotes the value of compassion over retaliation.
Pope John Paul II (1995) depicts the certainty of future immortality as casting new light on the mystery of suffering and death (section 67). OR (John Paul II, 1995, section 67)
Papal document - online
John Paul II. (1995). Evangelium vitae [Encyclical letter]. Retrieved from http://w2.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_25031995_evangelium-vitae.html
Papal document - print
John Paul II. (1995). The gospel of life: Evangelium vitae. New York, NY: Random House.
Vatican Council II (1975, section 14) OR (Vatican Council II, 1975, section 14)
Vatican Council II. (1975). Dogmatic constitution on the Church, lumen gentium, 21 November, 1964. In A. Flannery (Ed.), Vatican Council II: The conciliar and post conciliar documents (pp. 350-426). Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.
First in-text citation
In the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC, 1997) charity is described as "the theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God" (para. 1822). OR (Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC], 1997, para. 1822)
Subsequent in-text citations
CCC (1997, para. 1827) OR (CCC, 1997, para. 1827)
Catechism - online
Catechism of the Catholic Church (2nd ed.). (1997). Retrieved from http://www.scborromeo.org/ccc.htm
Catechism - print
Catechism of the Catholic Church (2nd ed.). (1997). Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana.
Modern edition of translated classic
(Aristotle, 350 B.C./1926) OR Aristotle (350 B.C./1926)
Aristotle. (1926). Nicomachean ethics (H. Rackham, Trans.). doi:10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-nicomachean_ethics.1926. (Original work published ca. 350 B.C.)