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APA Referencing 6th Edition

Changes to APA Referencing Style

From Semester 2, 2020, all Notre Dame staff and students will be required to adopt
the APA 7th edition publication and referencing style for coursework.*

The new APA 7th referencing guide can be found here.

*The APA 6th referencing guide will remain available online until 18 December 2020 for postgraduates and researchers. 
Please remember to update saved links and bookmarks.

Main elements

Video

User names: When citing resources where the author may have a full name, a user name, or a combination thereof, you must include all available. If a full name is available, use it as your author name, and place the user name in square brackets: Smith, J. [jtothesmith]. If only a username is available, use it in place of an author name.

YouTube video

In-text

(TED, 2012) OR TED (2012)

Reference list

TED. (2012, December 11). Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNV4yIyXXX0

 

Streaming video (database) - EduTV

In-text

(Booth, 2014) OR Booth (2014)

Reference list

Booth, E. (Director & Producer). (2014). Swallowed by a sinkhole [Video file]. Retrieved from http://edutv.informit.com.au

 

Streaming video (database) - Kanopy

In-text

(Kechiche, 2013) OR Kechiche (2013)

Reference list

Kechiche, A. (Director). (2013). Blue is the warmest colour [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.kanopy.com/

Television series: When citing an entire television series, use the producer(s) and director as your author, not the writer or story author. The exception is if you are citing a single episode of a television series. For that you will need the writer and director of the episode as well as the producers and creators.

Television series (single episode)

In-text

(Whedon & Curtis-Hall, 2002) OR Whedon and Curtis-Hall (2002)

Reference list

Whedon, J. (Writer), & Curtis-Hall, V. (Director). (2002). Our Mrs. Reynolds [Television series episode]. In T. Minear (Executive producer) & J. Whedon (Executive producer), Firefly. USA: 20th Century Fox.

Television series (full series)

In-text

(Goldsmith James, Yuspa, Weiththorn & Litt,1998) OR Goldsmith, James, Yuspa, Weiththorn and Litt (1998)

Reference list

Goldsmith, J. (Executive producer), James, K. (Executive producer), Yuspa, C. (Executive producer), Weiththorn, M. (Executive producer & Creator), & Litt, D. (Creator). (1998). The king of queens [Television series]. USA: Hanley Productions.

Television, films, documentaries: When citing television series and movies, you must use the producer(s) and director as your author, not the writer or story author. The exception is if you are citing a single episode of a television series. For that you will need the writer and director of the episode as well as the producers and creators.

DVD (film)

In-text

(Coppola, Kurtz, & Lucas, 1973) OR Coppola, Kurtz, and Lucas (1973)

Reference list

Coppola, F. F. (Producer), & Kurtz, G. (Producer), & Lucas, G. (Director). (1973). American graffiti [Motion picture]. USA: Universal Studios.

Audio

Radio programs: Put the producer's name in the author position. List the date that the show was originally broadcast, the place it was produced, and the broadcast channel.

In-text

(Browning & Bremer, 2018)) OR Browning and Bremer (2018

Reference list

Browning, D., & Bremer, R. (Producers). (2018, July 14). Because of her: Aboriginal woman is here to stay [Radio broadcast]. Sydney: ABC Radio National.

In-text

(Rheinburger & Hogan, 2014) OR Rheinburger and Hogan (2014)

Reference list

Rheinburger, J., & Hogan, A. (2014, April 5). Nerdzilla podcast episode 56 [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/local/audio/2014/04/06/3979397.htm

Recorded music: Put the songwriter's name in the author position. If the song was recorded by someone other than the songwriter, indicate this in square brackets.

Song track on a CD (different songwriter and recording artist)

In-text

(Perry, 2001) OR Perry (2001)

Reference list

Perry, L. (2001). Get the party started [recorded by Pink]. On Missundaztood [CD]. New York, NY: Arista.

Speeches: How you reference a speech depends on the source - internet, video, document, etc. Consult the relevant parts of the guide for examples based on the format of the speech.