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APA Referencing

Main elements

Video

User names: When citing resources where the author may have a full name, a user name, or a combination thereof, you must include all available. If a full name is available, use it as your author name, and place the user name in square brackets: Smith, J. [jtothesmith]. If only a username is available, use it in place of an author name.

YouTube video

In-text

TED (2012) OR (TED, 2012)

Reference list

TED. (2012, December 11). Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNV4yIyXXX0

 

Streaming video (database) - EduTV

In-text

Booth (2014) OR (Booth, 2014)

Reference list

Booth, E. (Director & Producer). (2014). Swallowed by a sinkhole [Video file]. Retrieved from http://edutv.informit.com.au

 

Streaming video (database) - Kanopy

In-text

Kechiche (2013) OR (Kechiche, 2013)

Reference list

Kechiche, A. (Director). (2013). Blue is the warmest colour [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.kanopy.com/

Television series: When citing an entire television series, use the producer(s) and director as your author, not the writer or story author. The exception is if you are citing a single episode of a television series. For that you will need the writer and director of the episode as well as the producers and creators.

Television series (single episode)

In-text

Whedon and Curtis-Hall (2002) OR (Whedon & Curtis-Hall, 2002)

Reference list

Whedon, J. (Writer), & Curtis-Hall, V. (Director). (2002). Our Mrs. Reynolds [Television series episode]. In T. Minear (Executive producer) & J. Whedon (Executive producer), Firefly. USA: 20th Century Fox.

Television series (full series)

In-text

Goldsmith, James, Yuspa, Weiththorn and Litt (1998) OR (Goldsmith James, Yuspa, Weiththorn & Litt,1998)

Reference list

Goldsmith, J. (Executive producer), James, K. (Executive producer), Yuspa, C. (Executive producer), Weiththorn, M. (Executive producer & Creator), & Litt, D. (Creator). (1998). The king of queens [Television series]. USA: Hanley Productions.

Television, films, documentaries: When citing television series and movies, you must use the producer(s) and director as your author, not the writer or story author. The exception is if you are citing a single episode of a television series. For that you will need the writer and director of the episode as well as the producers and creators.

DVD (film)

In-text

Coppola, Kurtz, and Lucas (1973) OR (Coppola, Kurtz, & Lucas, 1973)

Reference list

Coppola, F. F. (Producer), & Kurtz, G. (Producer), & Lucas, G. (Director). (1973). American graffiti [Motion picture]. USA: Universal Studios.

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Audio

Radio programs: Put the producer's name in the author position. List the date that the show was originally broadcast, the place it was produced, and the broadcast channel.

In-text

Browning and Bremer (2018) OR (Browning & Bremer, 2018)

Reference list

Browning, D., & Bremer, R. (Producers). (2018, July 14). Because of her: Aboriginal woman is here to stay [Radio broadcast]. Sydney: ABC Radio National.

In-text

Rheinburger and Hogan (2014) OR (Rheinburger & Hogan, 2014)

Reference list

Rheinburger, J., & Hogan, A. (2014, April 5). Nerdzilla podcast episode 56 [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/local/audio/2014/04/06/3979397.htm

Recorded music: Put the songwriter's name in the author position. If the song was recorded by someone other than the songwriter, indicate this in square brackets.

Song track on a CD (different songwriter and recording artist)

In-text

Perry (2001) OR (Perry, 2001)

Reference list

Perry, L. (2001). Get the party started [recorded by Pink]. On Missundaztood [CD]. New York, NY: Arista.

Speeches: How you reference a speech depends on the source - internet, video, document, etc. Consult the relevant parts of the guide for examples based on the format of the speech.
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